Process of weaving
(Posted on 15/09/18)
During centuries the technology of weaving of carpets did not change. The only difference is that nomads had more primitive machine tools, and manufactory factories are more perfect. Nomads' machine tool is arranged simply from two sticks oriented parallel and mounted on the ground by pegs on which strings of a basis are tense. Such horizontal machine tool easily can be transferred from a place on a place, that at a nomadic way of life it is necessary. It is rather narrow, and this is answered with a narrow rectangular format nomads’ carpet. Common at work in workshops the vertical machine tool - that is made of two rotating platens connected by vertical sticks. On the bottom platen is wound on the weaved carpet while from the top basic the basis is taken up.
Rug makers in Qum at primitive machine tools platens are motionless, that is the seat to the weaver is necessary to do all above, but this allows to survey a ready part of work. Strings of a basis are regularly and hardly tensed, they consist more often of a crude, unpainted material. Starting a new carpet, the weaver do not usually fasten knots at once, but weaves how many centimetres of a smooth strip of a canvas, and the last, edge string of a basis he spins from several that the edge left more strongly. A thread for units are extended from clews, ordinarily laying at the weaver on the top bar of his machine tool; each line of knots he lets out two - three lines of a middle wefts, beating their wooden or iron crest that the fabric turned out the necessary density and durability. Above the Caucasian Rugs work at knot fastening not simply as a hand, but with the help special hook-like knife (like a mattock) on which accept a wool for pile, on the spot an edge separating it from clew more often. Due to this working rate is accelerated.