Sizes and Shapes

(Posted on 10/10/13)

Sizes and Shapes

In the East it is customary to employ several rugs in an overall floor plan, rather than opting for one large, centralizing carpet as in the West.  This has a number of practical advantages from a furnishing and decorative point of view.  If the owner moves to larger or smaller premises, rugs can simply be added or taken away; equally, if a rug is damaged another can be purchased for far less than it would cost to have the entire floor covering replaced; and by simply interchanging items it is also possible to alter the whole appearance of a room.  It is perhaps for these entirely practical reasons that each approximate size and shape of rugs is known by a specific name which usually relates either to its traditional position on the floor or the purpose for which it was made.The following list is given in descending order of size.Qali   Persian word, which literally means carpet, applied to any large item measuring over 10' x 6' (3.05 x 1.83 m).Kellegi   From the Persian word kelley (head), it is applied to the main or 'head' carpet in the traditional arrangement.  It is usually 2 or 3 times longer than it is wide, and can measure anything from 12' to 24' long and 6' to 8' wide (3.66/7.32 x 1.83/2.44 m). Kenareh   Derived from Persian word kenar (side), it is the side carpet in the traditional arrangement.  It is a narrower version of a kellegi and is usually between 10' and 24' long by 3' to 5' wide (3.05/7.32 x 0.91/1.52 m).Dozar   Literally means two zars - a zar being a Persian unit of measurement of 4'2" (1.28 m).  The term is applied to rugs which are about 8' (or two zars) in length and 5'/6' wide (2.44 x 1.52/1.83 m).Zaronim   Derived from two Persian words zar and nim (half)- it literally means one and a half zars.  In practice, a zaronim is usually around 6' by 4' (1.83 x 1.22 m) or 5' by 3'6" (1.52 x 1.07 m).